like和as的用法与区别

like和as的用法与区别

  下面是小编整理的一些关于like和as的用法和区别,希望对大家有帮助。

  as 和 like 在汉语中都译做"像",但字面下的隐含意思是不同的.

  like侧重A B两者间的比较,并不意味着A和B属于一类或完全相似.

  例如:He speak English like an Englishman.(=in a way an Englishman

  speaks English.)

  表示有些相象

  as则侧重于同一性,意味着A B两者属于同一类或完全相似.

  例如:He speaks English as an Englishman.(=as well as an English.)

  表示讲得一样好

  很早的时候,like是形容词,表示相象、相同、类似等意;as是连接词.

  Samy and Sammy are very like.Samy和Sammy长得很像.

  Paul behaved as a child(does).保罗的举止像个小孩.(句子有省略)

  后来,like作为介词使用,表示像…一样;as也可以作为介词使用了.

  Paul behaved like a child.保罗的举止像个小孩.(句子没有省略)

  再比较:

  Let me speak to you as a father.让我以父亲的地位对你说说.(=I am your father and I am speaking to you in that character)

  Let me speak to you like a father.让我像你父亲那样对你说说.(= I am not your father but I am speaking to you in the way your father might)

  再后来,有些语法学家把以往like不允许作连词使用的规则也改了,用来代替引导方式状语从句的as.

  I can't sing like I used to do.我不能像过去那样地唱了.(指唱的音色)

  He writes just like his brother did when he was young.他写字的手法和他兄弟年轻时写的差不离.(指书法的风格和字型)

  即使如此,like和as有时还是有些区别的.试比较:

  The prisoner was hanged like a murderer.这个囚徒像杀人犯那样被处以绞刑(=…as if he were a murderer).

  The prisoner was hanged as a murderer.这个犯人作为杀人犯被处以绞刑.(这个犯人就是杀人犯)

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