blame的用法总结

blame的用法总结

  以下是小编为大家整理的blame的用法,希望能帮助大家掌握blame这个单词,提高英语水平。

  关于blame的具体用法总结

  作名词时,表示责备,归咎,过失。

  作动词时:(比名词常用)

  blame sb. 指责,责备某人。

  如:You don't have to blame yourself. 你不用自责。

  blame sb. for… 因…责怪某人

  如:You shouldn't blame him for breaking the vase.

  blame sth. on… 把某事的责任归咎于…

  be to blame for… 因…受责备

  如:He was to blame for being late for school.

  1. blame sb. for sth. / doing sth. 为某事责备某人

  2. blame sth. on sb 把某事归咎于某人

  3. be to blame for (注意哦,是be to 不是 to be) 应(为……)承担责任

  4. accept/bear/take the blame for sth. 对某事负责任

  5. put/lay the blame for sth. on sb. 将某事归咎于某人

  从高考题谈blame的用法

  作者:佚名 文章来源:本站原创 点击数:422 更新时间:2007-1-23

  请看下面两道高考题:

  1. The mother didn't know______to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. (NMET2002)

  A. who B. when C. how D. what(答案为A)

  2. I feel it is your husband who______for the spoiled child.(2002年上海高考)

  A. is to blame B. is going to blameC. is to be blamed D. should blame

  (答案为A)

  以上两道高考题均考查了blame的用法。下面详细介绍一下该词的用法。

  一、blame用作及物动词时,通常用于下面三个句型:

  1. blame sb. for sth. /doing sth. 为某事责备某人/责备某人做了某事。如:

  Many children are afraid of being blamed for making mistakes in speaking English. 许多孩子害怕讲英语时犯错误而受责备。

  He blamed his teachers for his failure. 他把自己的失败归咎于他的老师。

  His companion, blamed for the accident, had not been driving carefully. 他的同伴没有谨慎驾驶,应对事故负责。

  2. blame sth. on sb. 把某事归咎于某人。如:

  The police blamed the traffic accident on Jack's careless driving. 警察把那起交通事故归咎于杰克的粗心驾驶。

  It's no use blaming our defeat on him. 把我们的失败归罪在他头上是没用的。

  She blamed the failure of their marriage on him. 她把婚姻的失败归咎于他。

  3. be to blame (for)应(为……)承担责任;该(为……)受责备。[注意]此处不能用被动语态。如:

  The children were not to blame for the accident. 那次事故怪不着孩子们。

  He is more to blame than you. 是他更应受责备,而不是你。

  Who is to blame for starting the fire? 这场火灾该由谁负责?

  I am in no way to blame. 决不该责备我。

  二、 blame用作名词时,常用于下列搭配:

  1. accept/ bear/take the blame for sth. 对某事负责任。如:

  You must bear the blame for the accident. 你必须承担造成这次事故的责任。

  We were ready to take the blame for what had happened. 我们愿对所发生的事负责。

  2. put/lay the blame for sth. on sb. 将某事归咎于某人。如:

  She'll put the blame on us if it turns out badly. 如果结果糟糕,她将会怪罪于我们。

  He is trying to lay the blame on me. 他企图把责任推给我。

  ___ for the break down of the school computer network, Alice was in low spirit. 是填To blame还是Blamed 为什么?

  blame sb for sth 因某事责备某人

  blame sth on sb 把某事责怪某人

  be to blamed for 该受到责备

  首先要知道blame的以上三种用法,其次看句子可知本句是语法中的重点项 非谓语形式 。先找句子的主语是Alice.所以由句子意思可知是Alice is blamed for the break down of the school computer network,Alice was in low spirit.然后省略前面句中的主语和be动词 .Blame 在此作原因状语。不用to blame 因为在非谓语中 动词不定式最多出现的时候是作 目的状语 in order to so as to 两种形式都可省略成 to do。在表语形容词后,可作 原因状语 e.g I'm glad to see you。它也可作目的状语(三个框架,一个意外) too…to… …enough to… so…as to… only to…————————————————————————————–

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